Its debut on the first page, written Lifyre Scientists at Tulane found a naturally occurring bacteria (called TU-103) that produces butanol. While the butanol-producing bacteria are not new, there are some important points about This particular bacterium. It is the first naturally occurring bacteria that directly converts cellulose, butanol, without the need for cellulose processing into sugar first, and it may do so in the presence of oxygen, which kills other bacteria that produce butanol. Streamlining the process could significantly reduce the production cost of butanol. This bacterium could allow virtually any plant product, such as newspaper clippings or grass to be used to produce fuel for vehicles conventional.